Amidst U.S. aid cuts, Bolivia’s Evo Morales stakes out a global role on climate
The poorest country in South America, Bolivia– an indigenous majority nation– is seeking a heavyweight role on climate change.
Bolivia’s President Evo Morales already has surprised the world’s economists by leading his nation to some of the hemisphere’s best economic growth figures. Even as the rest of the global economy went south, Bolivia grew significantly in 2008 (6%) and posted good numbers for 2009, a phenomenon tracked closely by blog Inca Kola News.
Morales also has managed to exercise a muscular control (including expropriations) over the country’s lithium and natural gas resources without permanently alienating potential partners such as Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva and Brazil’s Petrobras state-run energy behemoth
Now, after upping its economic and energy profile, Bolivia is seeking a larger voice on climate change, and is hosting a climate summit, a kind of anti-Copenhagen, in Cochabamba. The event started yesterday and will run through most of the week. My brother, journalist Teo Ballvé has an excellent summary of the issues on the table at Cochabamba, over at The Progressive magazine. An interesting side issue he mentions is fresh water reserves:
The grassroots summit will also pay special attention to the links between climate change and increased scarcity of fresh water. Bolivia is home to nearly a quarter of the world’s tropical glaciers. In recent years, these glaciers have lost 40 percent of their mass, leading to growing strains on local water supplies.
Basically, Cochabamba is aiming to pool together poor nations’ views on climate change and related environmental impacts in order to give these countries a larger prominence in climate negotiations.
Earlier this month, the United States cut climate change assistance to Bolivia. The government of Evo Morales believes this was done in retaliation for Bolivia’s critical stance toward the Copenhagen deal, which led to nonbinding carbon targets and in the view of Bolivia, tacitly gave industrialized countries a free hand in running up their carbon output. Here’s Bolivia’s ambassador to the United Nations expressing that view in a strongly worded op-ed that circulated last month.
Bolivia … believed that Copenhagen marked a backwards step, undoing the work built on since the climate talks in Kyoto. That is why, against strong pressure from industrialised countries, we and other developing nations refused to sign the Copenhagen accord and why we are hosting an international meeting on climate change next month. In the words of the Tuvalu negotiator, we were not prepared to ‘betray our people for 30 pieces of silver’